History of Civil Defence
Because of the rising threat of a major war
in Europe The Danish government decided in
1938 to establish a civil preparedness
organization to protect the population in
case of air attacks.
An organization by the name of National
Civil Defence was made responsible for
establishing air warning sirens, building
air-raid shelters, and training personal as
firemen and rescue teams.
The National Civil Defence was a
humanitarian and non-military organization.
It was a large and difficult task because of
lack of experience in these matters. After
the outbreak of 2. World War in 1939
information was gained from England and
Germany in the effect of air-raids against
cities and the civil population.
A total blackout of the country was declared
and plans for evacuation of the population
from threatened cities were worked out
especially were the Germans expected
invasion to occur.
Denmark did not suffer from major
destructions during the war, however,
several cities were subject to air-raids.
That was the case when British bomber
aircraft attached the air fields around
To assist in case of major air-raids a
number of mobile auxiliary units were
established manned by conscripts.
They where named CBU-units. One of these
units was based in northern Jutland
The manning of the National Civil Defence
totalled in 1945 250.000 persons.
After 2. World War the National Civil
Defence was closed down except for the CBU-units.
After the end of the cold war Denmark in
1992 introduced a new Civil Preparedness
Act. The Civil Defence became very much
reduced and was amalgamated with the
fire-fighting service under the present name
Redningsberedskabet (Rescue Preparedness).